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Taghit, the jewel of the Saoura, in Algeria

 best visit place,archeological sites:

Taghit, the jewel of the Saoura, in Algeria

 Algerian tourism is considered an important economic and strategic requirement in recent times due to its unique economic and natural characteristics that make it able to provide financial and economic resources outside the hydrocarbon sector and push the wheel of economic growth, as it will contribute significantly to reducing unemployment that has become a nightmare for Algerian youth, and increasing production  National as well. When we hear talk about the south-west of Algeria, the first thing that comes to mind is the capital of the Saoura region, which is the Wilayat of Bechar, which is 1020 km from Algiers, the latter knows a large influx of tourists from inside and outside the country on the most famous tourist areas in which fascinate hearts and captivate  The minds are of great beauty that the Lord of the people drew in them, during the desert tourism season, similar to the areas of Karzaz, the palaces of the north.

 Taghit

 Taghit is located in the far southwest of Algeria, 1117 km from the country's capital and 97 km southeast of the state capital, Bashar.The Taghit region extends on a plateau, where this city inhales its air from the Zuzfaneh valley, which extends on the slopes of the sand dunes from the eastern borders of Algeria to the western fraternal Morocco, and oases that the human hand chose to make a special place.Taghit or “Tagilt” or “Aghil” transfers the name to a passing period connected to its first inhabitants, Bani Kumi “Bani Fumi” and Bani Fumi Uvumieh, they are a group of Bani Abd al-Wad, the kings of Tlemcen or their in-laws, who were talked about by the historian Abd al-Rahman ibn Khaldun (d. 809 AH / 1406 AD) in  Its history is lessons, as they separated their brothers Bani Abd al-Wad and sided with Bani Marin after Banu Marin, the kings of Fez, overthrew Bani Abd al-Wad, kings of Tlemcen in 735 AH / 1334 AD.  This is what the scholar and historian Abd al-Rahman ibn Khaldun (d. 809 AH / 1406 AD) says about Banu Foumi, these are from Banu Abd al-Wad, in his talk about the people of Hassan within his talk about the Arabs of al-Maqal in “The news about the entry of Arabs from Banu Hilal and Salim al-Maghrib from the fourth layer and their news there.” According to historical accounts, Taghit is derived from the Arabic word "Ghaith" or "relief", and this name was given to it by an old man who was tired of walking when an oasis of abundant fruits ran with fresh water, so he rested and ate from its bounties and drank from its water.  It is also said that the name Taghit is derived from "Tagut", which means in barbarism, as it came from the Zanata tribe, "the stone" or "Taghit", which means the plateau as it was built on a hill.

 It is certain that Taghit has been inhabited for more than eleven centuries, and this was confirmed by Ibn Khaldun and Hassan Al-Wazzan that Bani Foumi were the first to inhabit the region, and they are from the tribes of the Wadid Covenant who ruled Tlemcen before they were defeated by the Marinids in Fez in 735 AH to decide to return  And stability in the desert, and it seems that the plateau of Zuzfana, on which Taghit is located, has been inhabited since ancient times.  There are narrations that say that the first inhabitants of Taghit were the Al-Rawabah tribe, "Awlad Belkheir Faqiq", as the tribes fought against them, and the knowledge that they were thriving with was lost. As for the era of French colonialism, the region witnessed the entry of French forces in February 1897, led by Major Gordon.

  Palaces of mud 

The city of "Taghit" lies on a "mud treasure" that is more than 11 centuries old and is still steadfast despite the length of time. That treasure is "Tagit palaces", so what is the story of these palaces?

 Upon arriving in the city, the first thing that catches the visitor’s eye is the palaces built of mud, which tell many stories of residents who resisted and withstood the harsh natural conditions of centuries ago, and were able to establish a civilization that many historians’ books still tell a lot about.  When the visitor sees these palaces, he knows the history of the city as if he is reading from a book, and the reason for using clay in the construction of these palaces is due to its great ability to resist the harsh nature of the desert area, as it limits the entry of heat in the hot and dry summer, as the temperatures exceed in the summer  Summer 50 degrees Celsius.  Although these palaces differ in their engineering form, they are similar in their urban character, so that the mosque is at the entrance to the city and the houses come after it, and the market of each palace is located outside the city, with the aim of preventing foreigners from entering the city.  In an ingenious engineering way, allowing sunlight to enter them, and when roaming between the alleys of the palaces, the visitor will notice the narrowness of the streets, and the small area of ​​the windows of the houses that were placed in their roofs, which are called “Ain al-Dar”, which is used to ventilate them, and to prevent the spread of worms that eat the wood of houses.

 Ancient Taghit Palace

 The ancient palace of the oasis of Taghit, which was built in the eleventh century despite the weight of the years, remains a witness to a history that goes back thousands of years. Historians trace the construction of this ancient edifice to two of the righteous saints, namely “Sayyid Suleiman” and “Murabit Sayed Ahmed” from the Amara tribe, and they were famous  Being from the origins of Wadi al-Sahel and Sakia al-Hamra.

 The ancient Taghit Palace was built on a rocky plateau heading east towards the large dunes and topping right towards Wadi Zuzfanah and its oasis at the bottom.  Lived in 1991 A French historian points out in this regard that the walls of Taghit Palace were built of crumbling bricks, and stresses that the landmark was built on a rocky plateau that slopes vertically towards the Zusfana Valley and gathers in it in a complex intertwining, and "Paul Laghat" tells that entering the village of Taghit in the fifties,  It was done through a low door that leads the visitor to dive inside narrow streets intertwined between the houses, where you find them sometimes ascending and at other times descending to suddenly change direction according to the fluctuations of the floor and according to the innovations of the architects.

 carvings on the rock

 What attracts the visitor's attention to Taghit also is the "rock inscriptions" through which the first inhabitants of the region expressed their environment and the animals that lived with them by engraving them on the rock, and the history of these stations dates back from 7 thousand to 10 thousand years BC, and rock art is considered the most important and oldest human evidence  and cultural in the region.

 Sand Dunes for Adventure Buff

 Taghit is a city full of undulating golden sand dunes tilting to redness, and on the other side it is faced by a group of rocky mountains in the form of distant and interconnected chains, which make the visitor fascinated by its beauty.

 A visitor to Taghit does not miss the opportunity to climb to the top of these towering sand dunes, whose height exceeds 200 meters, to experience the adventure of skiing or riding motorcycles at sunset, in order to enjoy watching the sunset view that relaxes the heart and gives peace of mind.

 sand therapy

 In addition to the visitor enjoying the beauty of the sand dunes that Taghit is famous for, some also take medication for this desert sand, which has become a destination for patients as well. The sand grains of the area have great therapeutic properties to combat many diseases such as rheumatism, arthritis, lower back pain, muscle pain, allergies and others.Sand basins are formed by digging a hole corresponding to the size of the patient to a depth that does not usually exceed 20 centimeters, and the hole remains open for half an hour until the heat is absorbed.  After that, the patient lies in the hole on his back and is completely covered with hot sand, except for the head, for periods determined by the patient’s health condition, age, and the nature of his disease, and it may reach 35 minutes for those who are able to endure, while not exceeding 15 minutes for the infirm, during which the sand absorbs large amounts of  Excess water in the body.

 watering vertebrae 

 What is striking in our deserts, such as “Tagheit” is the presence of the vertebrates, which is a primitive method of irrigation that has proven its effectiveness according to the population and is used to water the palms with a consistent system.  The municipality of Taghit contains more than 100 thousand palm trees and produces 50 types of dates, the most important of which are: (Al-Ma'sala, dry, Malliha, Tiuragin and Faqus) and other dates.

  Folk dishes and traditional evenings 

 Some of the people of the region prefer to set up traditional restaurants inside the tents amid a wonderful traditional décor, and one of the most famous traditional dishes in the jewel of Al-Saoura is “Taghet” which is offered to tourists at their request.Tea is brought to the coals most of the time and in the sessions, especially the nights that are held for the benefit of tourists by inviting a well-known local band, the Fenawi and Qarqabo bands, which spend their nights on the sand dunes.

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